A Year of Botanical Discovery in Baja California Sur

Dr. Jon Rebman, Museum curator and the Mary & Dallas Clark Endowed Chair of Botany, recently spent 10 months in La Paz, Baja California Sur (BCS) as part of a work assignment. He lived and worked there from August 2015 to June 2016. While in La Paz, he increased binational collaboration with Mexican scientists and students, conducted extensive botanical research in the southern part of the Baja California peninsula, and wrote a new bilingual, plant field guide for the Cape region of BCS.

Why La Paz?

The Museum focuses on the evolution and diversity of southern California and the peninsula of Baja California. This means approximately two-thirds of our mission region lies in Mexico, and half of that area is the state of BCS, with La Paz being the capital and scientific hub.

Not only did Rebman’s scientific endeavor coincide with current efforts in the region—such as ongoing research in the Sierra Cacachilas, which was the site of our most recent multidisciplinary expedition—but his research aligned with ongoing friendships and research collaborations at Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas del Noroeste (CIBNOR).

Additionally, the SD Herbarium (our botanical specimen collection at the Museum) will greatly benefit from better scientific specimen representation from BCS, allowing us to develop more thorough species coverage and documentation of our entire mission region. Coincidentally, it was a very rainy year in La Paz—this is GREAT for botanists!

Most of Rebman’s activities while living in BCS can be categorized into four major groups: research, conservation, education, and collaboration.


Rebman conducted more than 26 different botanical field trips in BCS and collected approximately 1,500 different specimen numbers. He continued floristic documentation in the Sierra Cacachilas and other mountain ranges in the Cape region, collected type materials for various potential new taxa for science, and discovered several new plant records for BCS and the peninsula. And in his “spare” time, Rebman either authored or co-authored seven peer-reviewed scientific publications.


As a result of over 20 years of floristic research on the Baja California peninsula and adjacent islands, Rebman and co-authors have just completed the Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Baja California, Mexico (pictured below), the first of its kind, which has been published as part of our own scientific journal The Proceedings of the San Diego Society of Natural History. During the extensive field and herbarium research required to compile this publication, it was discovered that more than 100 plant species in BCS are known from only one, or very few, historic voucher specimens, so little is known about them.

One of Rebman’s major goals while in the region was to attempt to relocate some of these very rare species, evaluate whether they are extinct/extirpated, assess the population sizes and local threats, and document them with photos and herbarium specimens to improve our scientific knowledge of these very rare biological resources. During his time in BCS, Rebman and colleagues re-discovered about 50 of these “lost” plant species, including extremely rare, endemic plant species that have not been seen or collected in more than 100 years.


Rebman was involved with community outreach, leading various plant nature walks and giving public presentations in Todos Santos, La Ventana, and the city of La Paz. Dr. Rebman’s plant photography is also being used to finish a new, bilingual field guide for the plants found in the Cape region of BCS. This book, which will likely be published next year, will contain approximately 400 of the most common plants found in the region between La Paz and Cabo San Lucas.

Rebman’s assignment in BCS didn’t mean he wasn’t connected. Numerous updates and photos posted to the Botany Department’s Facebook Page kept followers apprised of native plants and botanical discoveries.


One of the first collaborative endeavors Rebman completed soon after arriving in La Paz was a conservation project to create a specimen-based floristic list for the proposed Reserva de la Biosfera Sierras La Giganta y Guadalupe. At the request of the National Commission on Natural Protected Areas of Mexico (CONANP), he compiled a plant list for this area that will likely be used to help substantiate the need for and importance of this proposed reserve.

The majority of Rebman’s scientific collaboration in BCS was with botanists from CIBNOR. Mexican botanists from this institution participated side-by-side in almost every botanical expedition that Rebman was involved in. As a result, joint scientific research projects and publications are abounding. Furthermore, Rebman worked to improve regional botanical resources by assisting with curatorial practices at the HCIB Herbarium located at CIBNOR, including the study and annotation of herbarium specimens and updating botanical nomenclature in the collection.

Rebman’s work in La Paz has significantly improved the Museum’s reputation as a leading regional institution for natural history science and education and has helped to achieve some of our core mission goals by fostering binational collaboration and scientific research in BCS. 

The Annotated Checklist of the Vascular Plants of Baja California, Mexico.

Anogramma leptophylla.

Neptunia pubescens.

Sierra El Taste.

Lophocereus gatesii extrafloral nectary.

Posted by Curator of Botany Dr. Jon Rebman on February 13, 2017

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