San Diego Natural History Museum
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FOSSIL MYSTERIESGeologic Timeline: The last 144 million years of Earth's 4.6 billion year history.

THE EXHIBITION

Interactive Map
Making of an Exhibition
Artists' Bios
Contributors

Educational Resources
Activities Online
Fossil Field Guide
Visit Us


Fossil Mysteries: Contributors

Supporters

Developed by the San Diego Natural History Museum. Major funding provided by the California Cultural and Historic Endowment; National Science Foundation; Stephen and Mary Birch Foundation; an anonymous donor; and generous support from the J. W. Sefton Foundation; the San Diego Foundation: Weingart-Price Fund and Carol and Henry F. Hunte Fund; San Diego County Supervisors Pam Slater-Price, Ron Roberts and Greg Cox; The Legler Benbough Foundation; THE PARKER FOUNDATION: Gerald and Inez Grant Parker; Thomas C. Ackerman Foundation; Charmaine and Maurice Kaplan; Carol and Dennis Wilson; Rice Family Foundation; Samuel and Katherine French Fund; Ellen Browning Scripps Foundation; and Sony Electronics Inc.

This material is based upon work supported by the National Science Foundation under Grant No. 0205820. Any opinions, findings, and conclusions or recommendations expressed in this material are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of the National Science Foundation.



The San Diego Natural History Museum dedicates Fossil Mysteries to the life and memory of Robert “Fritz” Clark. His love of fossils and the natural world inspired us all.

San Diego Natural History Museum staff and board members crafted the vision, collected information and fossils, raised money, and gave physical form to Fossil Mysteries. Their commitment to research, education, and exhibition is a gift to our community.

San Diego Natural History Museum Fossil Mysteries Core Team
Tom Deméré, Ph.D., curator of paleontology
Michael Field, lead exhibit designer
Lynett Gillette, paleontology content developer
Michael Hager, Ph.D., executive director
Jim Melli, exhibit artist
Mary Lou Morreal, art director
Tim Murray, director of exhibits
Eleanor Navarra, President Board of Trustees 2006-2008
Nancy Owens Renner, exhibit developer
Richard Roncaglia, President Board of Trustees 2002-2004
Ruth Shelly, deputy director of public programs (former)
Jim Stone, deputy director of public programs
Jim Waring, President Board of Trustees 2004-2006

Museum Fossil Mysteries Preparation Staff
Ana Grinberg, assistant exhibit developer
Maggie Hart, preparator
Don Jeffrey, preparator
Doug Jewell, preparator
Josh Payne, mount maker
Sallie Saltzman, graphic production artist
Carter Tatum, graphic designer
Jerry Webber, preparator
Elle Wilks, graphic designer
Duke Windsor, preparator

Museum Paleontology Staff
Ian Browne
Matt Burgess
Robert “Fritz” Clark
Richard Cerutti
Pat Don Vito
Adrienne Jumelet
Yvonne Kugies
John Pfanner
Christopher Plouffe
Cory Redman
Brad Riney
Mark Roeder
Scott Rugh
Patrick Sena
Melissa Soetaert
Michael Stevens
Don Swanson
Hugh Wagner
Steve Walsh

Museum Fossil Mysteries Fundraising Team
Elizabeth Castillo
Janet Redding
Libby Schiff

Museum Science Contributors to Fossil Mysteries
Paisley Cato, Ph.D.
Exequiel Ezcurra, Ph.D.
Brad Hollingsworth, Ph.D.
Jon Rebman, Ph.D.
Scott Tremor
Phil Unitt

Museum Fossil Mysteries Website Team
Sara Aglietti
Cary Canning
Margaret Dykens
Katharine Silverman
Debbie Walden
Linda West

Administrative, Marketing, and Exhibits Support for Fossil Mysteries
Vince Bayard
George Brooks-Gonyer
Lollo Enstad
Rusty Gehm
Julie Hocking
Jessica Holmes-Chatigny
Shar Huston
Ron Hynum
Kasey Jones
Lucina Montano
Delle Willett

Museum Staff
Charisa Adams
Layla Aerne
Eowyn Bates
Eva Betancourt
Christopher Blaylock
Callyn Buchel
Marta Carmona
Fausto Castillo
Rosemary Crivello
Leticia Dominguez
Jennifer Ekstrom
Jessica Ekstrom
Lollo Enstad
Genie Fleming
Joanne Furer
Sarah Ganiere
Floyd Garrett
Sally Gault-Miller
Judy Gibson
Colin Gordon
Jeannie Gregory
Erin Harm
Mary Ann Hawke, Ph.D.
Alex Henein
Dana Hogan
Melodee Hotai
Ron Hynum
Evelyn Jackson
Stephanie Johnson
Elizabeth Johnson
Mitchell Johnson
Tam Joslin
Mary Alice Kessler
Susan Kovalcheck
Jamie Lamon
Risa Levitt Kohn, Ph.D.
Karen Levy-Szpiro
Selisa Lim
Kristine Lumayag
Lauren Marino
Isolina Martinez
Alexis McKee
Michelle Montgomery
Dana Morin
Janet Morris
Margaret Mulligan
James Noriega
Jorge Orozco
Liz Paegel
Dee Parks
Max Parry-McDonnell
James Pearce
Krista Pelayo
Tana Petruzelli
Gabriel Portillo
Judy Ramirez
Karen Rich
Mark Rosenbaum
John Sanborn
Connie Shinkle
Angelo Soto-Centeno
Nancy Stevens
Wendy Strohmeyer
Brad Tarantino
Sharlene Thompson
Sue Walker
Michael Wall, Ph.D.
Doretta Winkelman
Chuck Yash

Museum Trustees
Peter Baram, Ph.D.
Rudy M. Castruita, Ed.D.
Ben G. Clay
Stephen J. Cohen
Jeffrey Davidow
Darlene Davies, Ed.S.
Walter J. Davis, Jr.
Iris Engstrand, Ph.D.
Steve Gautereaux
Enrique Hambleton
Allen Jones
Christopher B. Latham
Eleanor Navarra
Joan H. Parker
Virginia B. Shaw
Jon Schmid
Frank L. Smith
Mark H. Thiemens, Ph.D.
Ed Wallace, Jr.
Yolanda Walther-Meade
James T. Waring
Jeffery D. Yates
Ellen E. Zinn

Emeritus
Pamela M. Bruder
Mary H. Clark
James F. Clements
Norman C. Roberts, DVM
Thomas W. Sefton

Honorary
Charmaine Kaplan
Maurice Kaplan
Philip M. Klauber
Donna Knox Sefton


Collaborators, contributors, and suppliers worked with our museum team to get the job done. The Museum is deeply grateful.

Design & Fabrication
First and foremost, the Science Museum of Minnesota provided exceptional assistance with final design, fabrication, and project management. A model of excellence and integrity, they approached every challenge with creativity, commitment, and a spirit of true collaboration.

Cliff Athorn
Peter Callahan
Shelly Campbell
Steve Cole
Dan Dahm
Gene Dillenburg
Steve Dolan
Bruce Erickson
David Evans
Klark Eversman
Ronald Eyrich
Cary Forss
Yana Frank
Richard Gagnon
Robert Garfinkle
Paul Green
Jay Higashi
Margaret King
Kenneth Kornack
Sue Landers
Brad Larson
Ethan Lebovics
Thomas Loddengaard
Paul Martin
Paul Maurer
Joseph McAnally
Rachel Moritz
Tim Motzko
Dion O'Keefe
Karen Pollard
Devon Quick
Peter Quinlan
Andy Redline
Gary Roach
Brent Shipley
Daryl Smith
Kathy Smith
Craig Thiesen
Peder Thompson
Charlie Wildenauer
Peter Wykes

Mural Art
William Stout

Illustrations
Tim Gunther, principal illustrator
Douglas Henderson
Raúl Martín
Jay H. Matternes
William Stout
Duke Windsor

Photographs
William L. Abler, Ph.D.
ARC Science
Jean Clottes, Ph.D.
Michael Collier, M.D.
Bill Evarts
François Gohier
Muséum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris
Sevil Brahme, M.D.
Sharp Metropolitan Medical Campus
Watts Color Lab

Audio/Visual Media
BBC Motion Gallery
The British Library Sound Archive
Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology
Films Media Group
FootageBank
FramePool
Getty Images
Sea Image Productions
The Soundtracker
Macaulay Library of Natural Sounds
OceanFootage
Red Hill Studios
BioMedia
J. D. Salter
Tim Tierney, UCSB
Naturesongs.com
WGBH

Spanish Translation
Ana Grinberg
Bárbara Ilizaliturri, editor

Sculptures & Dioramas
Artworks Foundry & Gallery
Atomic Props
Blue Rhino Studios
Delphinus Engineering
Design Build Solutions
Dramatic Environments, Inc
Lynn Isaacson
Kidzibits
Lost Art Design
Maxilla & Mandible
Museum Productions, Inc.
Research Casting International
Themescape Arts
Valley Anatomical Preparations

Infrastructure
Academy Studios
Paul Benton Structural Engineer
Melhorn Construction, Inc.
Manuel Oncina Architects
Schenck Building Company
Thomas Marine Inc.

Evaluation and Visitor Studies
Marianna Adams, Ed.D.
Institute for Learning Innovation
Paul Gabriel
Dolores Monterrubio Álvarez
Sandra Spaulding

Scientific Advisors
Patrick L. Abbott, Ph.D.
San Diego State University
Larry Agenbroad, Ph.D.
Northern Arizona University
William Akersten, Ph.D.
Idaho Museum of Natural History
Dr. Saúl Álvarez-Borrego
Universidad Autónoma de Baja California
Dr. Francisco Javier Aranda Manteca
Universidad Autónoma de Baja California
Peter Arnold, Ph.D.
Natural History Museum of Tropical Queensland
Tanya Atwater, Ph.D.
University of California, Santa Barbara
Annalisa Berta, Ph.D.
San Diego State University
Ronald C. Blakey, Ph.D.
Northern Arizona University
Don Burge
College of Eastern Utah Prehistoric Museum
Cathy Busby, Ph.D.
University of California, Santa Barbara
Kenneth E. Campbell, Ph.D.
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
Matthew W. Colbert, Ph.D.
University of Texas, Austin
Walter Coombs, Ph.D.
Western New England College
Phillip J. Currie, Ph.D.
Royal Tyrrell Museum of Paleontology
Kyle Davies
Sam Nobel Oklahoma Museum of Natural History
Thomas Dempster, Ph.D.
Arizona State University
Daryl P. Domning, Ph.D.
Howard University
Barry W. Eakins, Ph.D.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD
Bob Ernst
Buena Vista Museum of Natural History
Scott E. Foss, Ph.D.
John Day Fossil Beds
Ted Fremd, Ph.D.
John Day Fossil Beds
Jennifer R. Gillette, Ph.D.
Loyola Marymount University
David D. Gillette, Ph.D.
Museum of Northern Arizona
Stephen Godfrey, Ph.D.
Calvert Marine Museum
Mark B. Goodwin
University of California, Berkeley
Michael D. Gottfried, Ph.D.
Michigan State University
Gabriele Gruber, Ph.D.
Darmstadt, Germany
Daniel Guthrie, Ph.D.
Claremont College
Gary Haynes, Ph.D.
University of Nevada, Reno
John R. Horner
Museum of the Rockies
Colleen L. Hyde
Grand Canyon National Park
George Jefferson, Ph.D.
Anza Borrego Desert State Park
James Kirkland, Ph.D.
Utah Geological Survey
Dr. Jorge Ledesma-Vásquez
Universidad Autónoma de Baja California
Martin G. Lockley, Ph.D.
University of Colorado, Denver
Peter Lonsdale, Ph.D.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD
James H. Madsen
Dinolab
Paul Martin, Ph.D.
University of Arizona
Greg McDonald, Ph.D.
National Park Service
Samuel McLeod, Ph.D.
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
Cathy McNassor
George C. Page Museum
Jim I. Mead, Ph.D.
Northern Arizona University
Matthew C. Mihlbachler, Ph.D.
American Museum of Natural History
Stephen Mithen, Ph.D.
Reading University
Douglas J. Nichols, Ph.D.
United States Geological Survey
Storrs L. Olson, Ph.D.
Smithsonian Institution
Dra. Ma. del Carmen Perrilliat Montoya
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Robert W. Purdy
National Museum Natural History
David T. Sandwell, Ph.D.
Scripps Institution of Oceanography, UCSD
Eric Scott
San Bernadino County Museum
Christopher A. Shaw
George C. Page Museum
Jill A. Soha, Ph.D.
Ohio State University
Claude Spinosa, Ph.D.
Boise State University
Robert M. Sullivan, Ph.D.
State Museum of Pennsylvania
Blaire Van Valkenburgh, Ph.D.
University of California, Los Angeles
Prof. Dr. Wighart v. Koenigswald
Institut für Palaeontologie der Universitaet Bonn
Michael Walawender, Ph.D.
San Diego State University
Nabuyuki Yamaguchi, Ph.D.
Oxford University

Public agencies responsible for facilitating fossil collection and recovery include the planning departments of the following:
City of Carlsbad
City of Chula Vista
City of Encinitas
City of National City
City of Oceanside



Pleistocene Epoch 1.8 million-10,000 years ago.
Pliocene Epoch 5-1.8 million years ago.
Miocene Epoch 24-5 million years ago.
Oligocene Epoch 34-24 million years ago.
Eocene Epoch 53-34 million years ago.
Paleocene Epoch 65-55 million years ago.
Cretaceous/Tertiary Boundary Rock, 65 million years ago.
Cretaceous Period 144-65 million years ago.
Earth's history began 4.6 billion years ago.
MYA = million years ago.