- Chemical substances that can kill bacteria; they are naturally produced
by microorganisms or synthetically produced in a lab.
- Proteins produced by immune system cells that bind to foreign molecules
and microorganisms and inactivate them.
- Molecules carried or produced by microorganisms that initiate antibody
- B cells
- Type of lymphocytes that are responsible for producing antibodies.
- A one-celled microorganism that can either help or harm the functioning
of the body.
- Adjective describing a sickness or disease that can be passed from
person to person through some type of physical contact; contagious.
- An abnormal condition of body structure and function, usually indicated
- A widespread, lower-grade infection or routine childhood disease confined
to a particular region (measles, chickenpox, mumps).
- An outbreak of an acute illness that infects many individuals in a
population by spreading rapidly among many people at the same time and
can be difficult or impossible to contain. The occurrence of illnesses
or outbreak clearly exceeds the normal expectancy in the given population
at the given season of the year.
- The study of the distribution and determinants (causes and contributing
factors) of diseases/health problems in specified populations and the
application of this study to control disease/health problems.
- The act of coming into contact with a disease-causing microorganism;
exposure may or may not lead to infection.
- A type of organism such as a mushroom, yeast, or mold, that lives
by decomposing and absorbing the material it grows in.
- A person or other living animal, including birds and arthropods, that
the disease-causing microbe attaches to or lives in for food and survival.
- immune system
- The parts of the body that prevent and fight disease.
- incubation period
- The period of time between the actual exposure to the disease-causing
agent and the first signs of disease.
- What happens when a disease-causing microorganism gets past the bodyıs
defenses and takes hold. Infection is not synonymous with infectious
disease. When living infectious agents are present on exterior surfaces
of the body, this is contamination.
- infectious disease
- A clinical manifest disease of humans or animals resulting from an
- An inoculation is a form of vaccine. In ancient China, immunity to
smallpox was achieved by blowing dust from smallpox scabs into the patient's
- White blood cells that are primarily engaged in fighting infection
by eating the microbe.
- A type of white blood cell that is primarily responsible for the immune
response; includes T cells and B cells.
- A type of white blood cell that devours the invading microbe and then
assists T cells in the production of antibodies against the same type
- A microorganism.
- Any organism that can only be seen with a microscope: protozoans,
bacteria, fungi, and viruses are examples of microorganisms.
- A sudden increase in the number of individuals who contract a specific
infectious disease in a population, putting others at risk.
- An epidemic that occurs in many regions of the world.
- Organisms that use a host organism to provide food.
- A disease-causing microbe.
- < plague
- Any severe epidemic when there is no known treatment or cure. From
the Latin plaga, which means "blow," plagues were once believed to be
a blow administered by a god.
- plasma cells
- Cells produced from B cells that synthesize and release antibodies.
- Components of the blood that assist to stop bleeding.
- Isolation or restriction on travel intended to keep a contagious disease
- red blood cells
- Cells of the blood that transport oxygen to the tissues.
- T cells
- The type of lymphocyte responsible for the initiation of stimulation
- A substance, a small amount of a dead or weakened disease-causing
agent, which is administered to a person, usually by injection, which
protects that person from infection by a particular microbe. If the person
comes in contact with that pathogen, the body then fights it off easily
and can protect against this disease in the future. This protection is
- The process of protecting against infectious disease by introducing
into the body a vaccine that stimulates a primary immune response and
the production of memory cells against the disease-causing agent.
- Any insect or other arthropod, rodent, or other animal of public health
significance capable of causing human discomfort, injury, or capable
of harboring or transmitting the causative agents of human disease.
- A disease-causing microorganism that depends on a host cell to survive
- white blood cells
- A cell that is designed to protect the body against infection.
Teacher's Guide | Epidemic! | Exhibits